The information on this page will be up to date at all times, which means that any and all guidelines from UNE to the National Police Immigration Service (NPIS) in relation to the implementation of negative decisions will be published on this page.
When the duty to return is temporarily suspended for a defined and limited group, it is called a 'suspension of the duty to return'. One example is if events in an appellant's country of origin indicate that new information should be obtained or that restraint should be shown pending developments. A suspension of the duty to return will then apply regardless of whether a request for reversal has been submitted following a previous rejection, meaning that it covers more factors than just the question of whether to grant deferred implementation in connection with the consideration of submitted requests for reversal.
When UNE refrains from making a decision in a defined and limited type of cases, it is called to 'put on hold'. A case can be put on hold pending new or updated information, or because the Government has issued instructions to that effect because it is considering whether to make changes to rules that may have a bearing on this type of cases.
People who are not obliged to return voluntarily will not be forcibly returned. The opposite is not always true, however, because it may be inadvisable to implement forced returns even if the duty to return voluntarily has not been suspended.
UNE has decided to temporarily suspend the duty to return to Afghanistan. You can read the statement here. The suspension is set to September 15, and UNE will continue to assess the situation and make a new decision before September 15 to either lift or prolong the suspension.
The suspension of the duty to return is due to uncertainties about the further political developments and the security situation in Afghanistan. The conflict between the Taliban and Afghan authorities has recently escalated, and the situation is now very unpredictable.
On the 24th June 2021, UNE decided to temporarily suspend the duty to return to Gaza. You can read the statement here. In order for UNE to monitor the development of the conflict and to gain a necessary overview of the situation, the decision of suspension will last for up to 6 months. During this period, UNE will continously assess the return situation to Gaza, and decide whether to lift or to prolong the suspension.
The suspension of the duty to return is due to the recent escalation in the conflict between Israel and Hamas and the deterioration of both the security and the humanitarian situation in Gaza.
Residence permit for employees at embassies/consular services:
On 15 October 2020 the Ministry of Justice and Public Security instructed UDI and UNE to suspend decisions concerning local employees at embassies who apply for a residence permit as a skilled worker. You can read the instruction on the Norwegian Government website (external link in Norwegian only).
The instruction to suspend such cases is due to a decision made by UNEs Grand Board in July 2020 (in Norwegian only). The Ministry of Justice and Public Security has put these cases on hold in order to clarify and adjust the law.
Asylum seekers with long residence time (temporary regulation):
On the 24.02.2020 the Ministry of Justice and Public Security instructed UDI and UNE (external link) to defer implementation of decisions where:
- by October 1st 2021 it will have been at least 16 years since the person applied for asylum in Norway
- and the person, by October 1st 2021, will have reached a combined age and time in Norway of at least 65 years.
Until further notice the Police will not make forced returns in the cases where the instruction applies. The obligation the individual has to return after a rejection of an application is also temporarily suspended.
The temporary regulation applies from June 1st 2021, with an application deadline by December 1st 2021. Read more about the temporary regulation in this article.
Libya (suspension of returns to other parts of Libya except Tripoli)
The suspension of return applies to all parts of Libya, except Tripoli. The suspension of the duty to return for persons from Tripoli in Libya was reversed on 15 September 2015; read the statement here. This means that all persons who have previously received, or who from now on receive a final decision requiring them to return to Tripoli are obliged to leave Norway. The police can resume the implementation of forced returns to Tripoli.
On 15 April 2015, UNE decided to suspend the duty to return to Yemen. This was due to the escalating conflict in the country (read the statement here (in Norwegian only) Since the conflict in Yemen has not ceased, UNE uphold the decision to suspend the duty to return. The decision applies both to persons who have previously applied for asylum and to persons who are obliged to return after having received a rejection of an application for residence pursuant to other parts of the regulations.
Immigration cases concerning nationals of Syria:
On 28 April 2011, UNE decided to suspend the duty to return for nationals of Syria who have applied for protection in Norway.
On 26 June 2012, it was decided to resume the processing of asylum cases and other immigration cases for nationals of Syria. The suspension of the duty to return was upheld for previously decided cases. This means that citizens of Syria who have received a final decision from UNE are not obliged to return to Syria.
Dublin returns to Greece:
UNE returns asylum seekers to Greece pursuant to the Dublin Procedure.
In order for UNE to make a decision to reject an application several aspects need to be in place. Greece must accept the responsibility of the asylum seeker in question and guarantee that the asylum seeker will have access to a place at a reception centre, and to the asylum procedure itself.
Vulnerable people, such as unaccompanied minor asylum seekers, will not be returned to Greece. They will have their case assessed in Norway.
UNE is regularly updated on the situation for asylum seekers and migrants in Greece, and assesses each case individually.
Background information on the former decision to suspend returns
Norway stopped the return of asylum seekers to Greece back in 2010 due to the uncertainty of the reception system and the asylum procedures in the country. The decision was based on the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) case of M.S.S versus Belgium and Greece.
The European Commission (EC) recommended in 2016 its member states to gradually resume returns to Greece. In its recommendation the EC pointed to the fact that the situation in Greece had improved considerably since the above mentioned ECHR case.
The decision to return asylum seekers to Greece is based on updated country information for asylum seekers in Greece, and on the result from several board meetings where the situation in Greece was the topic. UNE is of the opinion that both the reception system for asylum seekers in Greece, and the asylum system itself, have improved sufficiently compared to the situation in 2010 when we suspended the returns to Greece.